An intervention in stereotype threat : does gender-affirming literature reduce female vulnerability in mathematics?

The current study examined whether the presentation of gender-affirming literature, in the form of information about the University of Richmond‚Äüs Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies (WGSS) program, mitigated female stereotype threat in the domain of mathematics. A pilot study tested 10 male and 10 female college-aged participants to determine whether a derogatory beer commercial produced the threat effect in women; results were inconclusive. A follow-up study used threat methods derived from previous research and information about the WGSS program at Richmond for the intervention manipulation. Results from 30 female college students indicated insufficient threat and a nonsignificant positive increase in performance following the intervention. Further research is needed to establish the supportive nature of gender-affirming literature.